Mandating minimum xbox 360 keeps updating
The new year will bring minimum wage increases for workers in 18 U. There are now 29 states that have laws mandating higher pay than the .25 federal minimum wage, which has not changed since 2009.
As the Fight for 15 campaign continues and studies about early adopters of higher minimums show that the negative impacts on employment levels is small, more and more state and local governments are opting to raise wages above the federal minimum.
Still, campaigns to raise the minimum wage are underway in 17 states and cities, according to the National Employment Law Project.
Mandatory minimum sentencing laws set minimum sentences for certain crimes that judges cannot lower, even for extenuating circumstances.
The most common of these laws deal with drug offenses and set mandatory minimum sentences for possession of a drug over a certain amount.
The bottom line is this: Each proposal might be a valuable step forward in criminal justice policy, but it is difficult to predict the precise impact that each one would have.
This much, however, appears likely: The Smarter Sentencing Act is narrowly tailored to address one of the most pressing problems with mandatory minimums: severe sentences for relatively minor drug possession crimes. For most of the 19th and 20th centuries, federal trial judges had virtually unlimited sentencing discretion. In the 1960s and 1970s, influential members of the legal establishment criticized that practice, concluding that that unrestrained discretion gave rise to well-documented sentencing disparities in factually similar cases. Over time, that scholarship paved the way for Congress to modify the federal sentencing process through the Sentencing Reform Act of 1984. That law did not withdraw all sentencing discretion from district courts; it did, however, establish the United States Sentencing Commission and directed it to promulgate Sentencing Guidelines that would regulate and channel the discretion that remained. Congress also decided to eliminate the courts’ discretion to exercise leniency in some instances by requiring courts to impose a mandatory minimum sentence for certain types of crimes.